RBT Practice Exam Before collecting data, it’s important to:Refamiliarize yourself with the operational definition of the behavior you are trackingLook at the graph to see what level the behavior should be at that dayAsk the parents why their child is behaving a certain wayAvoid asking your supervisor for feedback too oftenBefore using a data collection system, you should:Try to look at your supervisor’s data to record the same wayEnsure you are trained on all data collection componentsPrepare to be independent the first time collecting dataLet your supervisor know a different system may be more appropriateWhile collecting data, the therapist is recording the start and end time of a response. What type of data is being collected?Direct and continuousIndirect and discontinuousDirect and discontinuousIndirect and continuousEverytime Joe calls out in the classroom out of turn, the teacher takes a paperclip out of her pocket and puts it on her podium. What type of data is being collected?Time SamplingDurationPermanent ProductFrequencyIn a predetermined 30 second interval, Moriah screamed for one second, at the 24th second. If the therapist was using partial interval recording how would this 30 second interval be marked?Non occurrenceHalf occurrenceOccurrenceNot enough informationWhile using momentary time sampling to record off task behavior, the third 10 second interval was marked as an occurence. With respect to seconds into the session, when would off task behavior had to have occurred?At 10 secondsFrom 10-30 secondsFrom 20-30 secondsAt 30 secondsWhile working on compliance during their DTT session, Xavier sometimes throws a toy across the room during a trial set. The BCBA wants this throwing behavior recorded but knows the therapist has to work on other things while he is throwing. What is the BCBA most likely to have the therapist do?Mark a separate sheet for throwing frequency behaviorNot take data on the behavior to avoid confusionCount the toys thrown at the end of the DTT trial setStart a timer at the start of the first throw, and stop it at the end of the last throwYou are working with a client who exhibits aggressive behavior. You take baseline data and data following the intervention. According to the following graph, what could be said about the intervention? <img src="https://www.ebsuniversity.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/Screen-Shot-2019-07-14-at-3.35.06-PM.png" alt="Italian Trulli">After the intervention the graph is variable and it is not clear if the intervention is workingAfter the intervention the graph shows a decreasing trendAfter intervention the graph shows an increasing trendNot enough informationYou are working with a client who has begun to exhibit a new tantrum behavior. Your supervisor asks you to operationally define the behavior since she has not yet been able to observe it and would like for you to begin taking baseline data on the behavior. Which of the following is the best example of an operational definition of “tantrum”?Taylor gets really mad.Taylor begins to cry, scream, swear and may or may not hit walls or herself usually lasting for at least one minute.Taylor gets really worked up and hurts herself when she does not get her way.Taylor tantrums for over a minute.Your supervisor observes a session and begins noticing a new behavior pattern. He asks you to begin taking detailed notes and data on the behavior, what happens before the behavior and what happens after the behavior. What kind of data is your supervisor asking you to collect?Operational definition dataFrequency dataABC DataNot enough informationYou are performing a preference assessment with an individual with 10 different items. You present the items two at a time to have the person pick their favorite out of the two presented. You continue until all items have been paired. What kind of preference assessment are you performing?Paired stimulus/ forced choiceMultiple Stimulus without replacementFree operantMultiple stimulus with replacementDuring an FBA your supervisor has a BCaBA assist and observe/record data for potential reinforcing items for the future. The supervisors arrange for there to be 10 different items and activities in the room for the child to play with for as long as they like. The BCaBA records the child’s interactions with toys during the FBA. What kind of preference assessment is this team utilizing?Multiple stimulus with replacementMultiple stimulus without replacementFree operantStructured play assessment____________ Is the amount of time that passes once a discriminative stimulus is presented and when a person engages in the desired behavior.DurationFrequencyLatencyNot enough informationA _____________ is anything that increases a behavior in the futurePunisherPreferenceDiscriminative stimulusReinforcerIn the ___________ an individual is observed in their daily environmentSingle stimulus preference assessmentNaturalistic assessmentContrived free operant assessmentMultiple stimulus with replacement assessmentWhat is one way that an RBT is ethically able to assist a BCBA with a functional behavior assessment?Provide the BCBA with current information about the learner’s preferred items and activities.Perform a formal assessment such as the VB-MAPP during a session.Score the results of a formal assessment for the BCBAPerform the FBA alone during session and take data to give to the BCBA to analyzeYou are assisting with an FBA and you are asked to write ABC data for a teeth grinding behavior. Your notes say that while in a classroom, a teacher hands out an assignment, the student begins grinding their teeth and they continue until their assignment is complete. In this example, what is the antecedent?Teeth grindingThe teacher handing out worksheetsFinishing the assignmentThe classroomWhat is the primary purpose of a Functional Behavior Assessment?To hypothesize the function of a client’s behaviorTo decide what grade a child should be placed inTo assess what skill level the client performs atTo determine what level of therapy a client needsA _____________ is a written plan which is developed by a BCBA that contains information about behavior programming for the purpose of teaching certain skills.Behavior intervention planLesson planSkill acquisition planSession planA description of the target skill being taught, materials needed for teaching, prompting strategies to be used, the consequences for correct or incorrect responding, mastery criteria, reinforcement strategies, and plan for generalization and maintenance are all essential components of what behavior analytic strategy?Functional Behavior AssessmentSkill acquisition planStructured preference assessmentFunctional analysisWhen preparing for a session and running skill acquisition targets with a client it is important that an RBT:Have materials needed for the program ready, have the environment arranged so the program can be run as designed and have easily accessible reinforcersGo over the behavior intervention planHave a cup of coffee, be mentally prepared and be readyAsk the client which skill they want to work onYou are following a skill acquisition plan to help a child learn to use their tablet as a way to mand for desired items. Your supervisor has identified three preferred food items to begin mand training. What would be the best way to prepare for this program?Place food items around the room, and when the child approaches block access and prompt to use tablet to askRead over the acquisition plan to make sure you understand the program clearly. Make sure the client’s tablet is charged, you have access to the three preferred items and data collection tools.Place the tablet on the table along with the food items and see which food items client reaches for. Record which items are eaten the most.Read over the acquisition plan and modify the items that you think will be easier to target since you spend more time with the client.Which of the following are examples of unconditioned reinforcers?FoodWaterEscape from painAll of the aboveYour BCBA writes a skill acquisition plan that tells you to reinforce the client for sitting with a calm body around every 2 minutes, but to vary the timing by about 30-60 seconds every time. What type of reinforcement schedule are you using?Variable IntervalVariable RateFixed IntervalNot enough informationYou are working with a child on identifying “ball” using Discrete Trial Training. Since this is a novel skill to the learner, the first teaching stage to introduce this item would be:Blocked trialsRandom rotationMass trialNone of the above.You client is learning a new skill and your BCBA tells you to use the errorless learning method during your DTT trials to begin. Using this method, when is the appropriate time to prompt your client?Never, the client is learning through experienceAfter the first incorrect responseAfter the second incorrect responseImmediatelyWhich of the following is an example of incidental teaching?A. Playing with playdough and a container is closed that your client wants open, you prompt them to say “open”, they say open, and you open the playdough.B. Sitting at a table and placing several 2D images in front of a client and asking them to point to the dogC. Playing with toy trucks on the floor and racing them with your client. You stop your car, your client wants you to go, you prompt them to say “Go”, they say go and you race your carsD. Both A and CIn ABA, a form of teaching that uses natural occurrences and contingencies in a child’s environment to teach new skills. Sometimes call “Loose teaching”A. Discrete Trial TrainingB. Natural Environment Training (NET)C. Incidental TeachingD. Both B and CYou are teaching a child how to tie his shoe in a series of steps that was created by your BCBA ahead of time. You begin to teach the steps by teaching the child to tighten the knot of the lace or in other words, you teach the last step first. What type of procedure have you used?Total task chainingBackward ChainingForward ChainingTask analysisWhen teaching a behavior chain identified by a task analysis, what is it called when you begin by teaching the individual the first step of the chain first before teaching the next steps?Best practiceForward chainingTotal task chainingBackward chainingDiscrimination training involves:Reinforcing some responses and not reinforcing other responses in the presence of a certain stimuliReinforcing all attempts at reponses in the presence of a certain stimuliNot providing reinforcement for any response in the presence of a certain stimuliNone of the aboveSaying “Good morning” in the morning but not in the evening is an example ofIncidental teachingReinforcementDiscriminationExtinctionStimulus control transfer procedures include:Most-to-least promptingLeast-to-most promptingGraduated guidanceAll of the aboveA process in which prompts are removed when the target behavior is occurring independently in the presence of a discriminative stimulus.Transfer of stimulus controlPrompt fadingGraduated guidanceStimulus fadingGerald must pick out a picture of dog amongst 3 pictures. As a prompt, his therapist points to the correct card. Which prompting style did his therapist use?GesturalPhysicalIndirect verbalVerbalPrompt fading should happenAs soon as possibleOnly for certain programsSystematicallyNeverFrank learned to wave and say “Hi!” when his therapist waved and said “Hi!” to him. Frank now says “Hi!” to everyone who greets him. This is an example of.LearningStimulus generalizationConditioned reinforcementResponse generalizationImogen learned to say “Imogen” when asked “What’s your name?”. 6 months later, when she is asked “What’s your name?” she replied “Imogen”. This is an example ofMaintenance of a mastered skillNovel skill acquisitionResponse generalizationNot enough informationChoose the best answer: Shaping is…..Molding a client’s behavior to the appropriate responseUsing behavioral strategies to change a responseThe process of systematically and differentially reinforcing successive approximations to a terminal behaviorNot used in behavior analysisWhen reinforcing successive approximations to a behavior, you are:Reinforcing only the terminal behavior and nothing elseChanging the criteria for reinforcement as the client’s skills change and systematically reinforcing responses that are closer to the terminal behaviorReinforcing the same response in mass trialReinforcing a behavior happening at a higher rateYou are working at a summer camp that uses a system to “Catch kids being good”. When a camper is caught doing something good (being kind, picking up trash, cleaning etc) they get a coin. Once the get 5 coins, they can go to the camp’s store and use the 5 coins to buy their choice of candy. What type of behavioral procedure is the camp implementing?Response costDifferential reinforcementExtinctionToken economyWhen implementing a token economy it is important that the tokens:Are difficult to counterfeitAre easy to manage/ deliverAre paired with the backup reinforcerAll of the aboveWhen a BCBA writes a Behavior Intervention Plan to decrease a certain behavior, they will always add in ____________.A punishment procedureA physical restraintA functional replacement behaviorResponse costAs behavior analysts we always strive to use the ______________ procedures to help reduce a problem behavior.Least restrictiveMost restrictiveMost challengingLeast labor intensiveThe four main functions of all behavior are attention, sensory, tangible and ___________AuditoryMentalEscapeEnjoymentYou are working with a client who has been stealing his mom’s credit card to buy online games for the past month. With the information given, what can you hypothesize is the function of the stealing behavior?AttentionAccess to tangibleEscapeAutomaticYou are working with a child on learning to mand for water. Before running this program, you run around outside and have a salty snack with your client. This is an example of manipulating aMotivating operationAbolishing operationDiscriminative stimulusReinforcerA __________ is a signal to a person that access to reinforcement is available for a certain behavior/ response.PromptSignalGeneralized stimulusDiscriminative stimulusYou are working with Jemima on decreasing her behavior of shouting “HEY!” very loudly to get attention. You now no longer respond to Jemima when she yells “HEY” and only respond when she asks in a calm voice. You have just used which differential reinforcement procedure?Differential reinforcement of other behaviorDifferential reinforcement of alternative behaviorDifferential reinforcement of diminishing behaviorNot enough informationYou are trying to decrease your client’s smoking behavior. At baseline, your client smoked a cigarette every 15 minutes. You begin a procedure in which you set a timer for 20 minutes and if your client has not smoked a cigarette in that time, you reinforce them with $5. What kind of differential reinforcement procedure are you using?Differential reinforcement of alternative behaviorDifferential reinforcement of other behaviorDifferential reinforcement of diminishing rates of behaviorDifferential reinforcement of higher rates of behaviorWhen a behavior is put on extinction an immediate increase in frequency, duration or intensity could be experienced after the reinforcer is no longer available. This is an example of what?ResurgenceSpontaneous recoveryRemissionExtinction burstIn order for an extinction procedure to be successful which of the following must be true:A. You must ignore the behaviorB. There must be a past history of reinforcement for the behaviorC. You must withhold reinforcement for the behavior that you want to extinguishD. Both B and CImmediate interruption of a behavior should occur when:The client is at risk of harming themselvesThe client is at risk of harming othersThe client is at risk of causing significant damage to propertyAll of the aboveIf a crisis or emergency procedure such as significant restraints or bodily injury are used during a session, what should an RBT do?Nothing, it is the responsibility of the caregiver to manage crisis situations and ensure safetyNothing, it is illegal for RBTs to practice restraintsNotify your supervisor of what happened as soon as possibleDocument everything that happened and notify the supervisor as soon as possibleCommunication with your supervisor is:Encouraged and essential for the success of the RBT as well as the clientEncouraged but not necessaryDiscouraged, BCBAs will look at your recorded data to find the information they needAlways forbiddenIf you have a question about how to run a program or any other questions regarding a case, it is best practice to:Wait until your scheduled meeting with your BCBARecord your question as it occurs to you and ask your BCBA as soon as possibleLook up the information on ABA on your own timeNone of the aboveCommunication with your supervisor should beProfessionalTimelyDone in person, by phone, or by e-mailAll of the aboveWhat types of variables should an RBT notify their supervisor of in regards to their client?IllnessRelocationMedication ChangeAll of the aboveWhen is the best way to notify your BCBA about recent, non-emergency changes with your client such as medication change?Immediately end the session and call themNote it in your data for the day and follow up with your BCBA after sessionMention it at your scheduled overlap with your BCBANever, it is the responsibility of the BCBA to seek out the informationWhen writing session notes, it is important that an RBT uses language that isObjectiveFact basedMeasurableAll of the aboveWhich of the following is the best example of a session notes?Gerard seemed grumpy today. Probably because he was mad that we were teaching a new program.Lesley cried more than usual today even though we played her favorite games.Juan bit himself on the arm five times today, hard enough to leave a mark after I gave the demand “clean up”Elaine did well on most of her programs today but needed lots of prompting on othersDuring the session you notice that your client has some fresh bruising on their body and they are acting more fearful and timid than usual. You suspect that the child may be the victim of physical abuse. Which of the following is considered best practice?Ask the child if they are being abused, if they say no do nothingNothing, you didn’t see anything happen and suspicion is not the same as abuseAs a mandated reporter, call your supervisor immediately so that you can file a report to child services togetherCall the local authorities immediatelyYou must drive to your client’s home for sessions which requires you to transport confidential client information with you. Which of the following is an acceptable means of transportation of information?In a binder in your carIn a binder in your locked trunkOn an iPad protected with a passwordOn an iPad protected with a password and a secondary password to access client informationWhat are some steps an RBT can take to ensure client confidentiality?When speaking about the client, refer to them by their initialsDo not speak about your client in public placesIf referring to a client in an e-mail, use only their initialsAll of the aboveAn RBT is a/n ____________ who practices under the direct supervision of a BCBA or BCaBA.ExpertPsychological therapistParaprofessionalNone of the aboveIn regards to skill acquisition and behavior targets, it is the responsibility of the RBT to:Design/develop the programs for a BCBA/BCaBADirectly implement programs created by a BCBA/BCaBAModify and adjust programs made by a BCBA/BCaBAConsult with other professionals about programs made by a BCBA/BCaBAThe BACB requires that no less than ____% of your hours as an RBT are directly supervised by a BCBA or BCaBA521020It is the responsibility of a BCBA to monitor RBTs in their sessions and provide feedback to the RBT. The purpose of this feedback is to:Ensure the RBT is comfortable with the program proceduresProvide constructive guidance on how to run programs more effectively to help benefit the clientHelp the RBT learn and improve their skillsAll of the aboveYour BCBA is observing you with a client and explains that you are not performing a prompting procedure the way it was meant to be done and then he models the correct way for you. From the following, what would be the best way to respond to this supervisor's feedback?Tell the supervisor that the way you have been doing it has been working fine so you don’t see why you need to change it.Follow up with questions about the way he did the procedure and why. Immediately try it again the way he modeledSmile and say “that’s great advice! I’ll try that next time”Say nothing and move on to another programWhich of the following could be considered stakeholders in a client’s programmingParents/caregiversThe clientOther professionalsAll of the aboveA mother of a client tells you that she isn’t happy with the progress of her child and that she has ideas for changes in the child’s program. As an RBT, what should you do?Ask her what her ideas are and try to implementAsk her what specifically she isn’t happy aboutExplain that you are not able to address those questions and refer her to your supervisorTell her that sometimes it takes a while to see progress in ABA programs and not to get discouragedYour client’s family buys you a small holiday present as a thank you for all the hard work you’ve done. What is the appropriate way to handle this situation?Accept it. It’s just a small gift and you won’t tell anyone.Accept it and tell them just this once but in the future not to get you anything.Decline the gift and say thank you but it is against our ethical code as behavior analysts to accept gifts from clientsDecline the gift and ask to be taken off the case immediately as this has now become a dual relationship.You are on a social media page and notice that you have a request from the parent of a client. What should you do in this situation?Report to the BACB immediatelyAccept the friend request but block them from most of your personal informationAccept the friend request and ask the family not to mention it to your supervisorDecline the request. Mention to your supervisor that it happened so that they can remind the family that RBTs and behavior analysts ethically cannot engage in any social media friendships for client confidentiality reasons.You spend a lot of time with one of your clients and agree to begin babysitting for them for a little extra cash on the weekends. This is an example ofExpansion of businessExploitationA dual relationshipClient-Supervision RelationshipThose working in professional healthcare delivery fields have _________ and _________ responsibilities to safeguard the confidentiality of information regarding their clients care.vocal/ writtenethical/ legalrules/ legalethical/ rulesCommentsThis field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.